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юридические услуги Саратов, юристы Саратов написать иск

Английский язык и литература

Наши увлечения: шахматы, нехудожественная литература, скорочтение, стенография, мнемотехника, игра на музыкальных инструментах: гитара (классика + аккустика), клавишные, баян, аккордеон, гармонь-хромка и губные гармошки, иностранные языки (пока только английский).

В данном разделе мы размещаем наши любимые книги на английском языке и иные связанные с ним полезности (методики, любопытности...).

Зачем? - книги в интернете постоянно появляются и исчезают, а размещение книг здесь - это наш вклад в их существование; сайт - наша библиотека, нам так удобнее их систематизировать и накапливать.

(И вообще, язык противника надо знать, одним "хенде хохом" нынче не обойтись!) Итак - барабанная дробь! - тексты:


 

Humanity has always been prone to wars and raids on neighbouring countries. Nobody ever wanted to sit still and live peacefully. But in every situation, humanity needed leaders. These leaders were the reason for global events in each era. William the Conqueror was the first Norman king of England. Saladin was the first Muslim leader who seriously opposed the crusaders. Genghis Khan was the leader of the Mongol Empire. Catherine the Great was the woman who turned Russia into a very strong empire. Abraham Lincoln was the legendary president who ended slavery in America. Queen Victoria is the woman who gave her name to an entire era. Learn more about the rulers who changed the life of mankind.

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Oxford is not only a world-famous university. It is also the city, in which this university is located. Oxford is ninety kilometres from London - about an hour by car, bus or train. And it is only sixty-four kilometres from the nearest airport. Oxford is not like a typical English city. In the twelfth century, it was one of the main trading cities. Many goods were sold there. The famous university already existed at that time. Nowadays it is considered one of the oldest educational institutions in the world. Oxford is a very interesting city. The most popular buildings here were built in the nineteenth century.

This book tells the history of this unique city from its foundation to the present day...

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People are used to the idea that teenagers have to go to school and mostly are interested only in computer games. But what if the world changes? Can teenagers achieve serious success in sports, business or in the field of cinema? This is quite possible. There are even more such cases than you think. This book contains several stories of young people who have achieved exceptional success in some definite fields. World-class gymnasts, ingenious inventors or even travelers. Young travelers who did such things that adults were not capable of. Learn more about the world's most successful teens. They have great achievements in various spheres. These stories will definitely impress everyone.


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Юристы Саратов, юридические услуги Саратов

CHAPTER ONE. Early History of America

The Voyage of the Mayflower

On 6th September, 1620, a group of 102 pilgrims sailed from England to America, "the New World", on the ship the Mayflower. The pilgrims left England because they wanted religious and political freedom. The long, difficult journey across the Atlantic Ocean continued for 65 days. There were storms on the way and water entered the ship, but the pilgrims decided to continue on to the New World.

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CHAPTER ONE. This is London!

Every year, more than nine million people come from countries all over the world to visit London. They go to the theatres and museums; they look at interesting old buildings, many of them hundreds of years old; they sit or walk in the beautiful parks, or have a drink in a pub.

They go to Oxford Street to look at the shops, or to Harrods. Two million visitors go to the Tower of London. A million more go to see St Paul's Cathedral.

Yes, London is a big and beautiful city with lots to see and do.

But how did it all begin...? 

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Chapter one. Goal

Soccer is the most popular sport in the world and it's a big part of life in Brazil. People here love to watch and play soccer in their free time.

In Brazil you don't need a pitch or expensive boots to play soccer. People play soccer in the street and on the beach. Children often play with no boots.

Some people think that Brazilians are good at soccer because they learn a special way to play when they are children. They learn to play a type of soccer called futsal. There are five players in each team. The ball is small, but it's full of sand so it's very heavy.

Futsal started in South America, but now it's popular in many other countries.

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CHAPTER 1.What Happened to Holly Golightly?

I sometimes visit places where I lived in the past - the houses and their neighborhoods. I like to see them again. There's a brown stone house in the East Seventies where, during the early years of the war, I had my first New York apartment. It was one room, crowded with an old red sofa and red chairs. The walls were dark and dirty from old cigarette smoke. The single window looked out onto a fire escape, a stairway that went down to the street. It wasn't a big place but it made me happy. It was my first home, and my books were there, and a box of pencils. Everything that a writer needed, I thought.

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Forrest Gump by John Escott

Chapter 1. School and Football 

I was born an idiot - but I'm cleverer than people think. I can think things OK, but when I have to say them or write them down, sometimes they come out all wrong. When I was born, my Mom named me Forrest. My daddy died just after I was born. He worked on the ships. One day a big box of bananas fell down on my daddy and killed him.

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(Adapted book. Pre-Intermediate level)

 

Chapter 1. The Beginning of the Pipeline

 

The large bush stood in the moonlight at the meeting place of three African countries. The man from the diamond mines had waited under the bush for nearly two hours. Suddenly, he heard the noise of a helicopter. He looked up and saw it coming towards him from the east.

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(Adapted book. Pre-Intermediate level)

 

‘There seem to be no interesting cases these days, Watson,’ Sherlock Holmes said to me. ‘London isn’t a very interesting place.’

‘I don’t think the people of London will agree with you,’ I answered.

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 The Lost World By Arthur Conan Doyle

Chapter 1. Gladys Hungerton

I often listened to Mr Hungerton. He talked to me about economics. It was very boring, but I was in love with his daughter Gladys.

One evening, I listened to him for a long time. Finally, he left. I now had a chance to speak to Gladys. She was a proud woman and she treated me as a friend.

She looked at me and said, 'You're going to propose marriage.'

'How do you know?' I replied.

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(Adapted book. Stage 2. Elementary)

The Adventures of Tom-Sawyer by Mark Twain (Adapted book. Stage 2. Elementary)

Chapter 1. Tom and the Fence

"Tom! Tom!"

There was no answer.

"Where is that boy? Tom!" Aunt Polly looked under the bed but she only found the cat. "Tom!" she cried.

Then she heard a noise behind her. A small boy ran past and she stopped him with her hand.

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Chapter one

The Story of Uncle Elias

In September 1887 my wife was visiting some of her family, so I was staying with my old friend Sherlock Holmes in Baker Street. It was a windy, stormy evening, and the rain was falling heavily outside. Suddenly there was a knock at the door.

I looked at my friend in surprise. 'Who can this be?' I asked.

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CHAPTER ONE

The Old pirate at the "Admiral Benbow"

My name is Jim Hawkins and I'm going to tell you the story of Treasure Island. It began when I was a boy. My father had an inn by the sea called the "Admiral Benbow". One day an old seaman arrived with a big sea-chest. He was tall and strong.

'Bring me a glass of rum!' he said to my father. 'Are there many people here?'

My father said no.

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Around the World in Eighty Days by Jules Verne

CHAPTER ONE

When Phileas Fogg meets Passepartout

London, 1872

Let me begin by introducing a mysterious English gentleman called Phileas Fogg.

Most people don't know very much about him, but because he does the same thing every day, some people think they know everything about him.

He is very handsome and he is a true gentleman. He is certainly rich, but no one knows how he made his money.

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Casino Royale by Ian Fleming (Adapted book. Pre-Intermediate level)

 

 

Chapter 1. A Memorandum for M

 

The memorandum came to M from the Head of Station S of the Secret Service. It read:

SUBJECT:

LE CHIFFRE, RUSSIA’S CHIEF AGENT IN PRANCE - A PLAN FOR HIS DESTRUCTION.

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Sam looked at his watch. He was almost there! He could see a bright shining moon out of the window. There were trees and a river. But Sam began to worry. What if this wasn't the right station? What if his uncle wasn't there to meet him? The train went slower. The train driver announced the station. This was the right place. Sam took his things and got off the train. He lived in the big and noisy London. There were always many people there. Here in the countryside it was very quiet and dark. There were no people around. Sam was completely alone. The boy was a little scared. He tried to calm himself. It was an ordinary village railway station. There was no danger. Sam just waited for his uncle with these thoughts.

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Chapter one

The Gun Club of Baltimore

In the 1860s, at the time of the American Civil War, a new club opened in the town of Baltimore in the United States. The Americans love their clubs, and they usually begin like this: one man or woman has an idea, then he or she finds a second person with that idea, too, and then a third. Soon there are five of them. So they all meet, and a new club is born!

In the Civil War, people needed new long cannons and big guns. And people across the country all wanted to make bigger and better explosives. But of course, they needed to talk about their ideas first. And this was how the Gun Club of Baltimore began.

After one month, there were 1,833 members of the club in Baltimore and 30,575 members across the country. In the club, there were young students with the latest ideas, and very old men with years of work behind them.

Of course, some members lost parts of their bodies in their daily work. Some had only one leg and some had hooks for hands. But nobody wanted to stop - they all loved making new explosives.

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The Ugly Duckling by Hans Andersen (A1 Starter)

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(Суть: Нетти Сарджент — красивая молодая женщина. Она живет со своим дядей в доме с садом и полем. Это арендованный дом. Земля принадлежит сквайру. Это означает, что сквайр получит дом обратно после смерти мистера Сарджента. Чтобы избежать этого, дядя Нетти должен заплатить деньги, чтобы продлить аренду и поставить на нем имя Нетти. Молодая женщина влюблена в Джаспера Клиффа. Она хочет выйти за него замуж. Но Джаспера больше интересует ее дом. Старому мистеру Сардженту не нравится выбор Нетти. Тем не менее он хочет, чтобы его племянница была счастлива, и соглашается на их брак. Мистер Сарджент болен. Он умирает, не успев подписать документы об аренде. Нетти в отчаянии. Теперь она теряет все. Внезапно она понимает, что делать).

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The Lottery Winner by Rosemary Border (A1 Starter)

Все хотят выиграть в лотерею. Миллион фунтов, а может и пять, и десять миллионов. Было бы великолепно! Эмма Картер покупает лотерейный билет каждую неделю и аккуратно кладет его в свою сумочку. Ей 73 года и у нее не очень много денег. Она бы хотела поехать к своему сыну в Австралию, но билеты на аэроплан очень дорогие. Джейсон Уилльямс тоже покупает лотерейный билет каждую неделю. Но он не очень честный человек. Он вор. Джейсон бьет старушек на улицах, крадет их сумочки и убегает.

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Мнемотехника: как запомнить The verb to be в Past Simple

Учу английский в Lingualeo и столкнулся с тем, что нужно запомнить The verb to be в форме Past Simple.

(Картинка украдена мною с  сайта Albina English). Так вот: а как запомнить, что я - was, а они - were?

Элементарно, мнемотехника Вам в помощь!

Смотрите: я, он, она, оно (всё, что единственное лицо) - ВОлоСатый, а мы, вы, они - этому ВЕРят.


Этот простейший приём позволил мне за 1,5 минуты уловить смысл правила и ни разу не ошибиться в тестах: я - WAS (ВОлоСтатый), они - were (ВЕРят) в это, ну, или мне. Вот и всё.

P.S. Что это было? - мысль вслух, простейший пример прикладной "народной" мнемотехники основанной на принципе "созвучий". То есть - не классическая образная, поэтому - не совсем правильная, но приём сработал. 

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The Show Must Go On by Sue Murray (A2 Elementary)

CHAPTER ONE

"Hamlet comes to school"

On the way to school one day, Fraser said to Tom, 'Do you want to come and see Hamlet at the City Theatre on Saturday afternoon? My father is going to take me. He said you can come too.'

Tom Clark and Fraser McDonald were best friends. They loved going to the theatre to see plays. They both wanted to be actors. They went to acting lessons in the city every Monday afternoon. Fraser liked to dance too. He went to tap dancing classes every Saturday afternoon. He loved the sound his tap dancing shoes made. Tom didn't learn tap dancing. He played football for the school every Saturday.

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Three men in a boat by Jerome Klapka Jerome (B1 Pre-Intermediate) 

CHAPTER ONE

"Health Problems"

There were four of us - George, William Samuel Harris, myself (my friends call me J), and Montmorency. We were sitting in my room and were smoking and talking about our bad health.

We were all feeling very ill, and we were unhappy about it. Harris said he felt dizzy sometimes. George felt dizzy, too.

My big problem was my liver. I knew I had a bad liver. I had read about all the symptoms of liver disease in a book. I had every symptom that was written.

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CHAPTER ONE

A special country

There is nowhere like Scotland.

Scotland is a country in a country. It is part of Great Britain (England, Scotland, and Wales), and of the United Kingdom (England, Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland).

Scotland is in the far north-west of Europe, between the Atlantic Ocean and the North Sea. It is often cold and grey, and it rains a lot in some parts of the country. But the people of Scotland love their country, and many visitors to Scotland love it too. They love the beautiful hills and mountains of the north, the sea and the 800 islands, and the six cities - Edinburgh, Glasgow, Aberdeen, Dundee, Inverness, and Stirling. The country is special and Scottish people are special too: often warm and friendly.

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